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An analysis of Canadian travel restrictions due to the COVID-19 outbreak

Update: On March 18, 2020, Prime Minister Trudeau announced that Canada and the United States had agreed to temporarily close the Canada-US border to non-essential travel, in order to preserve “critical” supply chains between the two countries. President Trump also announced this temporary closure in a tweet on March 18, 2020. Prime Minister Trudeau confirmed that travel for the purposes of recreation and tourism will be prohibited. Both Prime Minister Trudeau and President Trump have also stated that trade will not be affected. However, very little details have been provided regarding what will be considered essential travel. It is also not known at this time whether this measure will apply only to the land ports of entry or if it will modify the existing air travel ban that is already in effect.

Please click here to read the full Dentons client alert.

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An analysis of Canadian travel restrictions due to the COVID-19 outbreak

An overview of United States travel restrictions due to the COVID-19 outbreak (United States)

President Trump has recently issued several Presidential Proclamations in response to the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak, which have restricted the ability of foreign nationals to travel to the United States. Dentons immigration partner, Henry Chang (who is based in our Toronto office) provides a summary of the US travel restrictions that have resulted from the COVID-19 outbreak (that the World Health Organization declared a pandemic on March 11, 2020). Please click here to read the full Dentons client alert.

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An overview of United States travel restrictions due to the COVID-19 outbreak (United States)

US Travel Ban 2020: What does the latest presidential proclamation mean?

Effective February 21, 2020, a proclamation issued by President Trump on January 31 imposes certain visa and travel restrictions on citizens from six countries not already listed in the President’s three previous travel ban proclamations.

The six countries with new travel restrictions are:

Burma Nigeria
Eritrea Sudan
Kyrgyzstan Tanzania

No Diversity Visa for Sudanese and Tanzanians

With respect to two of the above-listed countries—Sudan and Tanzania—the President only removed their passport holders’ eligibility to apply to immigrate to the US through the Diversity Visa Program (aka green card lottery). 

Immigrant visa restrictions

For the other four countries—Burma, Eritrea, Kyrgyzstan, and Nigeria—the President imposed travel restrictions on immigrant visas. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) reports that the President’s proclamation applies only to intending immigrants abroad who have not yet received an immigrant visa.

Exceptions

DHS reports that the proclamation imposes no restrictions on nonimmigrant visas for citizens of any of these countries. B-2 tourists, F-1 students, H-1B workers and all other nonimmigrant visa holders are not banned from travel to the US.

DHS further reports that intending immigrants abroad who have a valid immigrant visa but have not yet entered the US may still do so and that lawful permanent residents already granted green card status are not impacted by the proclamation. 

It is unclear from the proclamation or DHS’s clarifying remarks how the proclamation will impact prospective immigrants already living in the US on nonimmigrant visas. Prior travel ban-related proclamations were later interpreted by DHS as not applying to foreign nationals who had already entered the US prior to said proclamation.

The full text of the proclamation can be viewed here. DHS’s travel and visa restrictions prepared remarks can be found at DHS website

For further information, please contact your Dentons lawyer.

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US Travel Ban 2020: What does the latest presidential proclamation mean?