T minus 84 days. The countdown has begun. The date is coming. It will be here soon.
It is the biggest event of the year in United States immigration.
Hundreds of thousands will apply, but only a lucky few will be chosen. Employers keen to recruit and employ the best and brightest talent from around the globe to meet American business needs are already gearing up. Professionals eager to pursue their career in the United States are updating resumes and collecting diplomas and reference letters. This program is not the best way for a country to succeed, but the United States Congress continues to lack the will and wisdom to change a law almost 25 years old.
Are you ready?
April 1, 2015, is the first day that the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services agency (USCIS) will accept new H-1B specialty occupation worker nonimmigrant visa petitions by employers for foreign professionals. It is important for global mobility and human resource managers to start work now to secure preliminary Department of Labor approvals, foreign degree evaluations, etc., to be ready to file the petition for an April 1 receipt date.
Only a limited number of new H-1B visas are accepted each year due to legal quota restrictions. Every year, 65,000 new H-1B visa petitions can be granted, of which 6,800 are set aside for citizens of Chile and Singapore under Free Trade Agreements with those countries. To the extent there were unused Free Trade Agreement H-1Bs, those are added to the quota for the next fiscal year. There is an additional allocation of 20,000 new H-1B visa petitions that can be accepted if the foreign professional earned a graduate degree from a university in the United States.
Not all H-1B visa petitions are subject to numerical limits. Individuals already holding H-1B visas are counted again the quota, and petitions filed by institutions of higher education or related or affiliated nonprofit entities, nonprofit research organizations or governmental research organizations are exempt from the limits. In addition, petitions filed for jobs only in Guam or the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands are exempt from the cap until December 31, 2015.
Last year, the USCIS received so many new H-1B visa petitions in the first week of April that the agency ended the application window on April 5. Approximately 172,500 new petitions were received, as compared to 124,000 in the prior year. As the regulations mandate, officers then selected — at random — which envelopes to open and returned the rest unopened with the government filing fees. Only then did the agency begin the often long process to approve or deny the selected petitions on the merits of eligibility.
This year, the USCIS will once again receive more than they are allowed to accept. Again, the agency will randomly decide the envelopes to open and those to return unopened. The likelihood of a petition being selected in April 2015 is likely to be much, much lower than last year, taking into consideration the current state of the economy, the relatively low rate of American unemployment in typical H-1B specialty occupations, and the labor needs of United States employers.
T minus 84 days (January 7): Start working with legal counsel now. Identify current and prospective employees who will need new H-1B visa petitions.
T minus 60 days (February 1): You and your legal counsel should be working together to prepare job descriptions, determine prevailing wage rates, secure equivalency evaluations of foreign degrees and work experience, and translate key documents.
T minus 45 days (February 15): By now, you and legal counsel should have requested the labor condition application certification from the Department of Labor. Employers new to the process or who have not filed recently will need to create the appropriate accounts with the Department of Labor. Because the USCIS relies on Dunn & Bradstreet data (DUNS) as part of its employer background verification process, it is important for employers to create or update the company’s DUNS records to avoid inconsistencies with H-1B visa petition filings.
T minus 30 days (March 1): Have all the required USCIS forms and supporting documents been signed and filing fee checks prepared? There is still some time left to get last minute details completed, but this is when it gets very hectic. Government systems often become overloaded and delays at the Department of Labor for late filings are common.
T minus 1 day (March 31): Envelopes should be properly addressed and delivered to the express service of choice with next business morning delivery instructions.
T minus 0 (April 1): Just like at NASA ground control, this is the stage in the process where all the hard work resulted in successful delivery of the visa petition and you have to wait for the USCIS to announce whether the petition is selected or returned — usually within 3 weeks or so.